The Tokugawa Shogunate ordered four times in years of Keicho, Shoho, Genroku and Tempo to prepare maps of every "kuni" (country) all over Japan. Preparation of Genroku Kuni Ezu (national land maps) was ordered to be started in the 9th year of Genroku (1696) and completed to cover most of Japan by the 15th year of Genroku (1702).Preparation of Tempo Kuni Ezu was ordered in the 6th year of Tempo (1835) and completed in the 9th year of Tempo (1838). The mapping scale is 1: 21,600 approximately or 1 "sun" (3.3 cm) to 1 "ri" (4 km). Mountains, rivers and roads etc. are drawn on the maps. Black dots along main roads show mile stones. Counties are shown in different colors and an elliptic frame is attached to every village, in which name of village and a yield of rice are written. Box-shaped blank is attached to every castle town and names of city and castellan are written in the blank. Legends showing colors of counties, yield of rice in the counties, number of villages in the counties are labeled at a corner of each map. Names of officials conducted the preparation of maps are also written under the legends. Grid lines are drawn on some of the maps. Land Survey Department reproduced the Kuni Ezu for preparation of new national maps. These maps were used for practical purposes after the Meiji Restoration.The National Archives preserves eight originals and eight reproductions of Genroku Ezu, 83 national maps (119 sheets including duplication) and 12 reduced maps of Tempo Kuni Ezu. These maps and 85 Tempo Go Cho (records of villages) where a yield of rice of every village from Matsumae (Hokkaido) to Ryukyu (Okinawa) is recorded were designated as National Important Cultural Properties in the 58th year of Showa (1983). Tempo Kuni Ezu is drawn on high-quality drawing paper and the map sheets are very thick with multi-layered backing. There are wrinkles and thin spots on the surface caused by folding. The photography was carried out without any modification of the present conditions of the maps, and some of the portions may not be so clear.
- Select the region：Hokkaido
- Select the region：Tohoku
- Select the region：Kanto
- Select the region：Chubu
- Select the region：Kinki
- Select the region：Chugoku
- Select the region：Shikoku
- Select the region：Kyusyu
Original size: 416cm of east and west and 776cm of north and south.
Tosaminato which prospered since the Middle Ages was the important traffic point of the north circumference route in Edo period. Original size: 440cm of east and west and 371cm of north and south.
Matsushima Islands, one of the Three Most Beautiful Views of Japan, are depicted, literally they are islands covered with pine trees. Original size: 523cm from east to west and 748cm from north to south.
Original size: 453cm of east and west and 544cm of north and south.
Mutsu-no-Kuni (Shirakawa, Miharu, Nihonmatsu-ryo)
The big lake written as "a lake" on the west edge of the map is Lake Inawashiro-ko. Original size: 330cm of east and west and 367cm of north and south.
Original size: 330cm of east and west and 530cm of north and south.
Original size: 255cm of east and west and 251cm of north and south.
Original size: 298cm of east and west and 244cm of north and south.
Original size:307cm of east and west and 251cm of north and south
Original size: 299m of east and west and 271cm of north and south.
Original size: 358cm of east and west and 353cm of north and south.
Hachiro-gata completely reclaimed is painted as "Lake of three-ri in east and west a half and south north seven "ri." Gosha-do which is famous for "Namahage" of Oga known as a folk event is pictured as Akagami Gongen (A Shinto shrine) to have the very large precincts toward. Original sizes: 582 cm from east to west and 709 cm from north to south.