National Archives of JAPAN

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Drawings of the Dajokan Building

Grand Council of State was the supreme government office of Japan at that time defined "All the power and authority of the land belongs to Grand Council of State" (Constitution of 1868). It was decided in 1869 that the Grand Council of State would move to Tokyo while Emperor Meiji sojourned in Tokyo and was built inside Imperial Palace. The building was built in March, 1872, near Nishi-no-Maru Enclosure. However, the building was burnt down on May 5, 1873, by a fire in the Imperial Palace. The building and many official documents contained in it were lost in the fire. On the same day, Akasaka Detached Palace was designated a temporary Imperial Palace. Grand Council of State used the building of the former Ministry of Education at Babasakimon as a temporary building. Nevertheless, a distance between the residence of the Emperor who presided over all State affairs and the building of the Grand Council of State was regarded inconvenient and Grand Council of State moved to the Temporary Imperial Palace in Akasaka in August, 1877. In June, 1878, a wooden 2-story Western-style Grand Council of State building was built in the premises of the Temporary Imperial Palace. This building was used as a Grand Council of State building till December, 1885, when the Cabinet system was inaugurated, and as a Cabinet building till January, 1889, after the Cabinet system was inaugurated. "Kobun Fuzoku no Zu" (Picutures and charts affiliated with Kobun Roku)containing this drawing were designated as National Important Cultural Properties of Japan in the 10th year of Heisei (1998) together with "Kobunroku" (Compiled Records of the Grand Council of State).